Shoulder Instability & Dislocations Treatments in NYC
Shoulder instability and dislocation treatments usually begin with physical therapy and rehabilitation, but some people may need surgical treatment. Shoulder instability surgery varies depending on the cause of the condition but usually, aims to tighten the loose ligaments of the shoulder. There are two main types of instability surgeries. Both shoulder instability and dislocation surgeries can be performed through arthroscopy, which allows for minimally invasive procedures with smaller incisions and shorter recovery times.
A Bankart repair is used for shoulders prone to dislocation. The torn labrum and the loose ligaments are reattached to the bone with suture anchors.
A capsular shift is used to tighten the loose joint ligaments, when shoulder dislocations occur from excessively loose ligaments.
A shoulder is deemed unstable when it frequently dislocates or slips partially out of joint (subluxation). People with unstable shoulders may experience pain and limited motion in the joint and feel that moving it the wrong way will cause their shoulder to dislocate, which in turn may discourage them from participating in sports such as swimming, volleyball, and baseball.
Causes of Shoulder Instability
Posterior and anterior shoulder instability most often develops from a traumatic injury such as a football tackle or a sudden injury that stretches or tears the ligaments in the shoulder, or from overuse of naturally loose ligaments that do not hold the ball of the humerus tightly in its socket. Young athletes are prone to shoulder instability in particular due to the stress sports place on their already flexible connective tissues. Younger patients who experience a traumatic dislocation are more likely to develop repeated dislocations, which is why proper treatment is critical.